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ChatGPT 4 could be used to assess eye problems, Cambridge academics say

An academic researcher says artificial intelligence (AI) could be used to assess patients with eye problems.
Azernieuws reports, citing the BBC.

Dr. Arun Thirunavukarasu, who studied at the University of Cambridge, said AI could decide urgent cases that need to be looked at by specialists.

Academics from Cambridge University tested ChatGPT 4 on the knowledge of clinicians at different stages of their careers.

The AI ​​program scored 69% when tested in an 87-question mock exam.

Approximately 374 ophthalmology questions were used to train the ChatGPT 4.

The answers were compared with those of five expert ophthalmologists – doctors who care for patients with eye conditions – three ophthalmologists in training and two non-specialist doctors in training.

They were also compared to an earlier version of ChatGPT and other language models.

ChatGPT 4 scored 69%, higher than other programs such as ChatGPT 3.5, Llama and Palm2.

Expert ophthalmologists achieved an average score of 76%, trainees scored 59% and doctors in training scored 43%.

Dr. Thirunavukarasu, who led the study and carried out the work while studying at the University of Cambridge’s School of Clinical Medicine, now works at Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.

He said: “We could realistically use AI in assessing patients with eye problems to decide which cases are emergencies that need to be seen immediately by a specialist, which can be seen by a GP and which do not require treatment.

“The models could follow clear algorithms already in use, and we found that ChatGPT 4 is as good as expert doctors at processing eye symptoms and signals to answer more complicated questions.” With further development, large language models could also advise GPs who struggle to get quick advice from ophthalmologists. People in Britain are waiting longer than ever for eye care.”

The technology could be deployed to assess patients and determine who needs specialist care and who can wait to see a GP, researchers said.

They added that language models such as ChatGPT “do not appear capable of replacing” ophthalmologists, but can provide “useful advice and assistance to non-specialists”.

Dr. Thirunavukarasu added that he believed doctors would continue to be in charge of patient care.

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